Tuesday, 13 May 2008

Earthquake toll expected to hit 50,000-150,000

Those people at Shanghaiist are champions :) They probably didn't sleep at all last night. The news just gets worse and worse :(


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I wondered which were the biggest earthquakes in the last couple of decades. Wikipedia didn't really tell me but this site did.


The worst earthquake in the 20th century (and the last 4 centuries!) was in the year I was born and it was in China too. :(

Date UTCLocationDeathsMagnitudeComments
1976 07 27Tangshan, China255,000
Official casualty figure is 255,000 deaths.
Estimated death toll as high as 655,000.
799,000 injured and extensive damage in the
Tang-Shan area. Damage extended as far as
Beijing. This is probably the greatest death
toll from an earthquake in the last four
centuries, and the second greatest
in recorded history.
2004 12 26Sumatra227,8989.1
This is the third largest earthquake in the world since 1900
and is the largest since the 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska
earthquake. In total, 227,898 people were killed or were missing
and presumed dead and about 1.7 million people were displaced
by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami in 14 countries in
South Asia and East Africa.
(In January 2005, the death toll was 286,000. In April 2005,
Indonesia reduced its estimate for the number missing by over 50,000.)
The earthquake was felt (IX) at
Banda Aceh, (VIII) at Meulaboh and (IV) at Medan, Sumatra and
(III-V) in parts of Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Maldives,
Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The tsunami caused
more casualties than any other in recorded history and was
recorded nearly world-wide on tide gauges in the Indian, Pacific
and Atlantic Oceans. Seiches were observed in India and the
United States. Subsidence and landslides were observed in
Sumatra. A mud volcano near Baratang, Andaman Islands became
active on December 28 and gas emissions were reported in Arakan,
1948 10 05Ashgabat (Ashkhabad), Turkmenistan (Turkmeniya, USSR)110,0007.3
Extreme damage in Ashgabat (Ashkhabad) and nearby villages, where almost all brick buildings collapsed, concrete structures were heavily damaged and freight trains were derailed. Damage and casualties also occurred in the Darreh Gaz area, Iran. Surface rupture was observed both northwest and southeast of Ashgabat. Many sources list the casualty total at 10,000, but a news release on 9 Dec 1988 advised that the correct death toll was 110,000.
2005 10 08Pakistan86,0007.6

At least 86,000 people killed, more than 69,000 injured and
extensive damage in northern Pakistan. The heaviest damage
occurred in the Muzaffarabad area, Kashmir where entire villages
were destroyed and at Uri where 80 percent of the town was
destroyed. At least 32,335 buildings collapsed in Anantnag,
Baramula, Jammu and Srinagar, Kashmir. Buildings collapsed in
Abbottabad, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Islamabad, Lahore and
Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Maximum intensity VIII. Felt (VII) at
Topi; (VI) at Islamabad, Peshawar and Rawalpindi; (V) at
Faisalabad and Lahore. Felt at Chakwal, Jhang, Sargodha and as
far as Quetta. At least 1,350 people killed and 6,266 injured in
India. Felt (V) at Chandigarh and New Delhi; (IV) at Delhi and
Gurgaon, India. Felt in Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh,
Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal and Uttar
Pradesh, India. At least one person killed and some buildings
collapsed in Afghanistan. Felt (IV) at Kabul and (III) at
Bagrami, Afghanistan. Felt (III) at Kashi, China and (II) at
Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Also felt at Almaty, Kazakhstan. An
estimated 4 million people in the area were left homeless.
Landslides and rockfalls damaged or destroyed several mountain
roads and highways cutting off access to the region for several
days. Landslides also occurred farther north near the towns of
Gilgit and Skardu, Kashmir. Liquefaction and sandblows occurred
in the western part of the Vale of Kashmir and near Jammu.
Landslides and rockfalls also occurred in parts of Himachal
Pradesh, India. Seiches were observed in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh
and West Bengal, India and in many places in Bangladesh.
1970 05 31Chimbote, Peru70,0007.9
About 50,000 people were killed - 20,000 missing and presumed dead - and 150,000 injured in Ancash and La Libertad Departments from the earthquake and a catastrophic debris avalanche of rock, ice and mud which buried the town of Yungay, which had a population of about 20,000.
1990 06 20Western Iran40,000 to 50,0007.4
Estimated 40,000 to 50,000 people killed,
more than 60,000 injured, 400,000 or more homeless and
extensive damage and landslides in the Rasht-Qazvin-Zanjan
area, Iran. Nearly all buildings were destroyed in the
Rudbar-Manjil area. Substantial damage occurred as far away as
Khalkhal and Now Shahr and slight damage occurred at Tehran.
Felt in most of northwestern Iran, including Arak, Bakhtaran
and Tabriz. Slight damage also occurred in southern Azerbaijan,
USSR. Felt (VII) at Astra and Lenkoran; (VI) at Dzhibrail,
Lerik, Mossony and Yardyshny; (III) at Baku, USSR. Complex event.


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